If you have hard water at home, avoid the use of highly lathering shampoos. Hard water makes it difficult to rinse soap well and the build-up of the shampoo in your hair can make your scalp itchy, dry and scaly. No- and low-lather shampoos are available, especially in areas where hard water is commonplace.
When your hair is wet, it is in a state where the most damage can be caused to it. This is why you should avoid combing or brushing your hair when it is wet. You should dry your hair thoroughly and then, comb or brush it to smooth it down.
Coat your hair with a protective conditioner or specially-made hair wax before using heat-styling implements. Heat can dry out your hair over time, causing breakage and split ends. Some hair product manufacturers make special formulations, created for heat styling use. Typically, you just rub or spray a small amount through your hair, right before styling.