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Hi there,

i know the multiple ways of copying the user groups - or all of them within the user creation wizard.

I want to copy only a couple of groups which can be seperated by name and for that i've already customized an example. So lets say: Groups starting with "OG" where copied automatically.

And now I want to copy groups starting with "AG" but only if the Owner of the AG Group does accept this (create an approval for this).

Does Adding the groups via a custom powershell script automatically trigger a business rule, with that I could handle the approvals?

 $groupGuid = New-Object "System.Guid" (,$groupGuidBytes)
 $groupGuid = $groupGuid.ToString("B")
  $group = $Context.BindToObject("Adaxes://<GUID=$groupGuid>")    
   $group.Add($Context.TargetObject.AdsPath)

Or is it possible to create an approval operation out of an powershellscript?

Kind regards, Constantin

by (170 points)

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by (206k points)
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Best answer

Hello Constantin,

To submit the operation for approval, you need to use a business rule triggering Before adding a member to a group. It is not possible to send the approval request right in the script copying group membership. In your case, the business rule should be assigned over the groups starting with AG. For details, have a look at the following tutorial: https://www.adaxes.com/tutorials_DelegatingPermissions_RequestApprovalForAddingMembersToGroups.htm.

For the business rule to trigger when the script is executed, you need to bind to the groups using the BindToObjectEx method with the second parameter set to $True. Finally, the corresponding line in the script should look like the following:

$group = $Context.BindToObjectEx("Adaxes://<GUID=$groupGuid>", $True)

Should you have issues writing the whole script, please, describe the desired behavior in all the possible details with live examples.

0

Thanks for the hint. That worked as expected. Here the full script which copies the groups - filered by name. Just create as meantioned the business rule for the group name. If an approval is triggered, it will be shown as warning in execution log.

$sourceUserDN = "%seeAlso%"
$Context.LogMessage("User: " + $sourceUserDN, "Information")
# Bind to the source user
try
{
    #$sourceUserDN = $Context.TargetObject.Get($source)
    $sourceUser = $Context.BindToObjectByDN($sourceUserDN)
}
catch
{
    $Context.LogMessage("The user to copy properties from is not specified", "Warning")
    return
}

# Get group memberships
try
{
    $groupGuidsInBytes = $sourceUser.GetEx("adm-DirectMemberOfGuid")
}
catch
{
    $Context.LogMessage($sourceUser.Name + " is not a member of any groups", "Information")
    return
}

# Get the ID of the target user's primary group
$primaryGroupId = $Context.TargetObject.Get("primaryGroupID")

# Add target user to groups
$Context.LogMessage("Adding the user to groups:", "Information")
foreach ($groupGuidBytes in $groupGuidsInBytes)
{
    $groupGuid = New-Object "System.Guid" (,$groupGuidBytes)
    $groupGuid = $groupGuid.ToString("B")
    $group = $Context.BindToObjectEx("Adaxes://<GUID=$groupGuid>", $True) # TRUE Bedeutet dass Business Rules ziehen

    # Skip the group if it is the primary group for the user
    if ($group.Get("primaryGroupToken") -eq $primaryGroupId)
    {
        continue
    }

    # Kopiere OG Gruppen // Organisation
    if ($group.Get("name") -like "OG *" -or $group.Get("name") -like "OG_*") {
        # Füge OG Gruppen hinzu
        try
        {
            $Context.LogMessage("Die Gruppe: " + $group.Get("name") + " wird dem Benutzer hinzugefügt.", "Information")
            $group.Add($Context.TargetObject.AdsPath)
        }
        catch
        {
            $Context.LogMessage($group.Get("name") + ": " + $_.Exception.Message, "Warning")
        } 
    } elseif ($group.Get("name") -like "AG *" -or $group.Get("name") -like "AG_*") {
        # Füge AG Gruppen hinzu. # Business Rule triggert Approval
        try
        {
            $Context.LogMessage("Die Gruppe: " + $group.Get("name") + " wird dem Benutzer hinzugefügt.", "Information")
            $group.Add($Context.TargetObject.AdsPath)
        }
        catch
        {
            $Context.LogMessage($group.Get("name") + ": " + $_.Exception.Message, "Warning")
        } 
    } elseif ($group.Get("name") -like "SG *" -or $group.Get("name") -like "SG_*") {
        # Skippe SG Gruppen wegen Sonderberechtigungen
        $Context.LogMessage("Skipping: " + $group.Get("name") + " wegen SG...", "Information")
    } else {
        # Alle anderen Gruppen sind nicht nach Standard. Ignorieren.
        $Context.LogMessage("Skipping: " + $group.Get("name") + " - non default...", "Information")
    }
}
0

Hello Constantin,

Thank you for the confirmation. For the script not to throw exceptions, you can update it using the $Context.IsApprovalRequiredException method. Below is the updated script.

$sourceUserDN = "%seeAlso%"
$Context.LogMessage("User: " + $sourceUserDN, "Information")
# Bind to the source user
try
{
    #$sourceUserDN = $Context.TargetObject.Get($source)
    $sourceUser = $Context.BindToObjectByDN($sourceUserDN)
}
catch
{
    $Context.LogMessage("The user to copy properties from is not specified", "Warning")
    return
}

# Get group memberships
try
{
    $groupGuidsInBytes = $sourceUser.GetEx("adm-DirectMemberOfGuid")
}
catch
{
    $Context.LogMessage($sourceUser.Name + " is not a member of any groups", "Information")
    return
}

# Get the ID of the target user's primary group
$primaryGroupId = $Context.TargetObject.Get("primaryGroupID")

# Add target user to groups
$Context.LogMessage("Adding the user to groups:", "Information")
foreach ($groupGuidBytes in $groupGuidsInBytes)
{
    $groupGuid = New-Object "System.Guid" (,$groupGuidBytes)
    $groupGuid = $groupGuid.ToString("B")
    $group = $Context.BindToObjectEx("Adaxes://<GUID=$groupGuid>", $True) # TRUE Bedeutet dass Business Rules ziehen

    # Skip the group if it is the primary group for the user
    if ($group.Get("primaryGroupToken") -eq $primaryGroupId)
    {
        continue
    }

    # Kopiere OG Gruppen // Organisation
    if ($group.Get("name") -like "OG *" -or $group.Get("name") -like "OG_*") {
        # Füge OG Gruppen hinzu
        try
        {
            $Context.LogMessage("Die Gruppe: " + $group.Get("name") + " wird dem Benutzer hinzugefügt.", "Information")
            $group.Add($Context.TargetObject.AdsPath)
        }
        catch
        {
            if (!$Context.IsApprovalRequiredException($_.Exception))
            {
                $Context.LogMessage($group.Get("name") + ": " + $_.Exception.Message, "Warning")
            }
        } 
    } elseif ($group.Get("name") -like "AG *" -or $group.Get("name") -like "AG_*") {
        # Füge AG Gruppen hinzu. # Business Rule triggert Approval
        try
        {
            $Context.LogMessage("Die Gruppe: " + $group.Get("name") + " wird dem Benutzer hinzugefügt.", "Information")
            $group.Add($Context.TargetObject.AdsPath)
        }
        catch
        {
            if (!$Context.IsApprovalRequiredException($_.Exception))
            {
                $Context.LogMessage($group.Get("name") + ": " + $_.Exception.Message, "Warning")
            }
        } 
    } elseif ($group.Get("name") -like "SG *" -or $group.Get("name") -like "SG_*") {
        # Skippe SG Gruppen wegen Sonderberechtigungen
        $Context.LogMessage("Skipping: " + $group.Get("name") + " wegen SG...", "Information")
    } else {
        # Alle anderen Gruppen sind nicht nach Standard. Ignorieren.
        $Context.LogMessage("Skipping: " + $group.Get("name") + " - non default...", "Information")
    }
}

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