Skip to content

New-AdmObject

Creates a new Active Directory object.

Description

The New-AdmObject cmdlet creates a new Active Directory object such as an Organizational Unit or user account. You can use this cmdlet to create any type of Active Directory object. Many object properties are specified by setting cmdlet parameters. Properties that are not set by cmdlet parameters can be set by using the OtherAttributes parameter.

You must set the Name and Type parameters to create a new Active Directory object. The Name parameter specifies the name of the new object. The Type parameter specifies the LDAP Display Name of the Active Directory schema class that represents the type of object you want to create. Examples of Type values include computer, group, organizationalUnit, and user.

The Path parameter specifies the container where the object will be created. When you do not specify the Path parameter, the cmdlet creates an object in the default naming context container for Active Directory objects in the domain.

The following methods explain different ways to create an object by using this cmdlet:

Method 1: Use the New-AdmObject cmdlet, specify the required parameters, and set any additional property values by using the cmdlet parameters.

Method 2: Use a template to create the new object. To do this, create a new Active Directory object or retrieve a copy of an existing Active Directory object and set the Instance parameter to this object. The object provided to the Instance parameter is used as a template for the new object. You can override property values from the template by setting cmdlet parameters.

Method 3: Use the Import-CSV cmdlet to create custom objects from a comma-separated value (CSV) file that contains a list of object properties. Then pass the objects through the pipeline to the New-AdmObject cmdlet to create the Active Directory objects.

Examples

Example 1: Create a subnet object by template

$subnetTemplate = Get-AdmObject -Identity "CN=192.168.1.0/26,CN=Subnets,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com" -Properties description,location
New-AdmObject -Instance $subnetTemplate -Name "192.168.1.0/28" -Type "subnet" -Path "CN=Subnets,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM"

This command creates a new subnet object using an existing subnet object as template.

Example 2: Create a contact object

New-AdmObject -Name SaraDavisContact -Type "contact" -ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion $True -OtherAttributes @{'msDS-SourceObjectDN'="CN=FabrikamContacts,DC=CONTOSO,DC=COM"}

This command creates a new contact object, sets the msDS-SourceObjectDN property and protects the object from accidental deletion.

Example 3: Create a container object

New-AdmObject -Name "Apps" -Type "container" -Path "DC=AppNC" -Server "FABRIKAM-SRV1:60000"

This command creates a new container object named Apps.

Parameters

-AdaxesService

Specifies the DNS name of an Adaxes service that will be used to execute this cmdlet. If this parameter is not specified, and the cmdlet is running from an Adaxes Active Directory provider drive, the value for this parameter can be determined from the current path. For example, if the current path is Adaxes:/example.com, the Adaxes service on example.com will be used. If the parameter is not specified and the service DNS name can’t be determined from the current path, the cmdlet will access Active Directory directly.

  • Type:
  • String

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before executing the command.

  • Type:
  • SwitchParameter

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • False

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Credential

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Adaxes Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default one.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as “User1” or “Domain01\User01” or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have permission to perform the task, Adaxes Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error.

  • Type:
  • PSCredential

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Description

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the Description property of the object. The LDAP Display Name of the property is description.

  • Type:
  • String

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • True (ByPropertyName)

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-DisplayName

Specifies the display name of the object. This parameter sets the DisplayName property of the object. The LDAP Display Name of the property is displayName

  • Type:
  • String

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • True (ByPropertyName)

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Instance

Specifies an instance of an Active Directory object to use as a template for a new Active Directory object.

You can use an instance of an existing Active Directory object as a template or you can construct a new Active Directory object by using the Windows PowerShell command line or by using a script. The following two methods describe how to create object templates:

Method 1: Use an existing Active Directory object as a template for a new object. To retrieve an instance of an existing Active Directory object, use a cmdlet such as Get-AdmObject. Then provide this object to the Instance parameter of the New-AdmObject cmdlet to create a new Active Directory object. You can override property values of the new object by setting the appropriate parameters.

Method 2: Create a new AdmObject and set the property values by using the Windows PowerShell command line interface. Then pass this object to the Instance parameter of the New-AdmObject cmdlet to create the new Active Directory object.

Note: Specified attributes are not validated, so attempting to set attributes that do not exist or cannot be set will raise an error.

  • Type:
  • ADObject

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Name

Specifies the name of the object. This parameter sets the Name property of the Active Directory object. The LDAP Display Name of the property is name.

  • Type:
  • String

  • Position:

  • 1

  • Required:

  • True

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • True (ByPropertyName)

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-OtherAttributes

Specifies values for attributes that are not represented by cmdlet parameters. You can set one or more values at the same time with this parameter. If an attribute takes more than one value, you can assign multiple values. To identify an attribute, specify the LDAP Display Name defined for it in the Active Directory schema.

To specify a single value for an attribute:

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value}

To specify multiple values for an attribute:

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2,...}

To specify values for multiple attributes:

-OtherAttributes @{'Attribute1LDAPDisplayName'=value; 'Attribute2LDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2;...}

  • Type:
  • Hashtable

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

  • Type:
  • SwitchParameter

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Path

Specifies the X.500 path of the Organizational Unit (OU) or container where the new object is created.

In many cases, a default value will be used for the Path parameter if no value is specified. The rules for determining the default value are given below. Note that rules listed first are evaluated first, and once a default value can be determined, no further rules will be evaluated.

A default value for Path is set in the following cases:

  • If the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, the parameter is set to the current path of the provider drive.
  • If the cmdlet has a default path, this will be used. For example: in New-AdmUser, the Path parameter would default to the Users container.
  • If none of the previous cases apply, the default value of Path will be set to the default partition or naming context of the target domain.

The Adaxes Active Directory provider cmdlets, such as New-Item, Remove-Item, Remove-ItemProperty, Rename-Item and Set-ItemProperty, also contain a Path property. However, for the provider cmdlets, the Path parameter identifies the path of the actual object and not the container as with the Active Directory cmdlets.

  • Type:
  • String

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • True (ByPropertyName)

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion

Specifies whether to prevent the object from being deleted. When this property is set to $True, you cannot delete the corresponding object without changing the value of the property.

Possible values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
  • Type:
  • Boolean

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • True (ByPropertyName)

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Server

Specifies the Active Directory Domain Services instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server.

Domain name values:

  • Fully qualified domain name
  • NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

  • Fully qualified directory server name
  • NetBIOS name
  • Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for the Server parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

  • By using Server value from objects passed through the pipeline.
  • By using the server information associated with the Adaxes Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, when running under that drive.
  • By using the domain of the computer running PowerShell.
  • Type:
  • String

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-Type

Specifies the type of the object to create. Set the Type parameter to the LDAP display name of the Active Directory schema class that represents the type of object that you want to create. Examples of type values include user, computer, and group.

  • Type:
  • String

  • Position:

  • 2

  • Required:

  • True

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

  • Type:
  • SwitchParameter

  • Position:

  • Named

  • Required:

  • False

  • Default Value:

  • None

  • Accept pipeline input:

  • False

  • Accept wildcard characters:

  • False

Inputs

None or Softerra.Adaxes.PowerShellModule.Directory.ADObject

An Active Directory object that is a template for the new object is received by the Instance parameter.

Outputs

None or Softerra.Adaxes.PowerShellModule.Directory.ADObject

Returns the new Active Directory object when the PassThru parameter is specified. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

See also